Anabolic steroids: what should the emergency physician know?To summarize the literature describing the epidemiology, pharmacology, efficacy, and adverse effects associated with androgenic-anabolic steroid AAS use anabolic steroids la gi athletes. We reviewed studies of AAS use among professional athletes. Interpretation of these studies is difficult because of poor research design. The efficacy studies lacked adequate placebo steeroids. Much of the literature describing adverse effects consists of anecdotal reports.
Ergogenic use of anabolic steroids - Wikipedia
To summarize the literature describing the epidemiology, pharmacology, efficacy, and adverse effects associated with androgenic-anabolic steroid AAS use among athletes. We reviewed studies of AAS use among professional athletes. Interpretation of these studies is difficult because of poor research design. The efficacy studies lacked adequate placebo control. Much of the literature describing adverse effects consists of anecdotal reports.
All of this literature was considered for review. Of all ergogenic drugs, AASs are the most widely abused. Abuse of AASs among high school students is estimated at five to ten percent.
AASs are hypothesized to produce ergogenic effects during periods of concomitant positive nitrogen balance via antagonism of the catabolic effect of glucocorticoids released during intense exercise. Despite years of study, the extent of the ergogenic effects associated with AASs remains unclear.
This may be because most studies have failed to approximate athletes' AAS usage patterns. The primary toxic effects of AASs are divided into four areas: Athletes do not consider these effects severe enough to refrain from using these drugs.
Athletes view AASs as an essential component for success. Without adequate intervention measures, AAS abuse is likely to continue unchecked. Se estima que la prevalencia del abuso de EAA en estudiantes de escuela superior es de un cinco a un diez por ciento.
Estos efectos no son considerados lo suficientamente severos por los atletas como para considerar refrenar su abuso. If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice. Simply select your manager software from the list below and click on download.
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