Steroids and Other Appearance and Performance Enhancing Drugs (APEDs)When refering to evidence in academic writing, you should always try to reference the primary original source. That is annabolic the journal article where the information was first stated. In most cases Physiopedia articles are a secondary source and so should not be used patterns of anabolic steroid abuse references. Physiopedia articles are best used to find the original sources of information see prasco testosterone gel price references list at the bottom of the article. If you believe that this Physiopedia article is the primary source for the information you are refering to, you can use the button below to access a related citation statement.
Anabolic Steroid Abuse - Physiopedia
When refering to evidence in academic writing, you should always try to reference the primary original source. That is usually the journal article where the information was first stated. In most cases Physiopedia articles are a secondary source and so should not be used as references.
Physiopedia articles are best used to find the original sources of information see the references list at the bottom of the article. If you believe that this Physiopedia article is the primary source for the information you are refering to, you can use the button below to access a related citation statement. Anabolic steroids promote the growth of skeletal muscle and cause increased production of red blood cells anabolic effects , and the development of male characteristics androgenic effects in both males and females.
Further benefits of anabolic steroids is the anti-catobolic properties, preventing tissue breakdown commonly assosciated with greater and greater intensity activities i. Common medical uses of anabolic steroids include replacement therapy to treat delayed puberty in adolescent boys, hypogonadism and impotence in men, breast cancer in women, anemia, osteoporosis, weight loss and other conditions with hormonal imbalance.
Anabolic steroids can be injected, taken orally, or applied externally as a gel or cream. Due to the possibility of serious adverse effects and a high potential for abuse, they are classified as Schedule III Controlled Substances in the U. Some commonly abused anabolic steroids are listed in the table below.
Prevalence of anabolic steroid use is poorly researched, particularly in longevity. Individuals using AAS range from adolescent weight trainers to high level professional athletes and olympians. Most research data collected is acquired through direct survey methods. Due to the nature of self reporting surveys, AAS is likely to be underreported. As social attitude towards the acceptance of anabolic androgenic steroid use changes, better profiling of this patient population may be seen.
The Monitoring the Future study, a NIDA-funded survey of drug use among adolescents in middle and high schools across the United States, reported that past year use of steroids decreased among 8th- and 10th-graders since peak use in Among 12th-graders, there was a different trend—from to , past year steroid use increased, but in there was a significant decrease, from 2. Sample type athletes , assessment method interviews only and interviews and questionnaires , sampling method, and male sample percentage were significant predictors of AAS use prevalence.
Severe depression leading to suicide can occur with anabolic steroid withdrawal. In the pediatric population, there is a risk of decreased of delayed bone growth. Tendon or muscle strains are common and take longer than normal to heal. A urinalysis is the most common screening method with the use of GC-MS, known as gas chromatography and mass spectrometry, which identifies a specific substance in a certain provided sample. Traditionally, gas chromatography GC coupled with mass spectrometry MS has been used for confirmation of anabolic steroids and their metabolites in human urine.
One of the main reasons people give for abusing steroids is to improve their athletic performance. Another is to increase their muscle size or to reduce their body fat. This group includes people suffering from the behavioral syndrome called muscle dysmorphia.
In one series of interviews with male weightlifters, 25 percent who abused steroids reported memories of childhood physical or sexual abuse. Similarly, female weightlifters who had been raped were found to be twice as likely to report use of anabolic steroids or another purported muscle building drug, compared with those who had not been raped. Also, some adolescents abuse steroids as part of a pattern of high-risk behaviors.
Systemic involvement resulting from anabolic-androgenic steroid abuse varies amongst individuals related to length of use and dosage. Sytems involved include, but are not limited to: Possible health consequences of anabolic steroid abuse: Pharmacological management of androgenic anaboloic steroid abuse is not always indicated, with supportive behavioral psychotherapy and patient education of withdrawal signs and symptoms being sufficient plan of care.
Psychopharmacological intervention may include prescription anti anxiety or anti depressants in combination with cognitive behavioral therapy. Pharmacological management of AAS abuse addresses hormonal imbalances as a result of chronic use or addressees specific signs and symptoms of withdrawal including; weakness, fatigue, decreased appetite, weight loss, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain .
Professional healthcare providers are faced with ethical considerations when treating those using or recovering from anabolic-androgenic steroid use and associated conditions.
The American Medical Assosciation called for a formal ban on over the counter anabolic steroids and associated hormonal derivatives. Any young adult with chest pain of unknown cause, possibly accompanied by dyspnea and elevated blood pressure and without clinical evidence of neuromusculoskeletal involvement, may have a history of anabolic steroid use.
Consider anabolic steroid use as a possibility in men and women presenting with chest pain in their early 20s who have used this type of steroid since age 11 or Delayed diagnosis of a cerebrovascular accident associated with anabolic steroid use. Multi-organ damage induced by anabolic steroid supplements: Anabolic androgenic steroid-induced cardiomyopathy, stroke and peripheral vascular disease. The content on or accessible through Physiopedia is for informational purposes only.
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