Chapter 9 Endocrine SystemA Insulin lowers blood sugar. B GH causes osteoblast division. C PTH raises blood calcium levels. D Low blood sugar inhibits insulin. A loss of weight B protruding eyes C increased heart rate D increased ability to sleep Learning Outcome
HOLE'S ANATOMY A&P 1 - CH 13 Flashcards | Quizlet
A Insulin lowers blood sugar. B GH causes osteoblast division. C PTH raises blood calcium levels. D Low blood sugar inhibits insulin. A loss of weight B protruding eyes C increased heart rate D increased ability to sleep Learning Outcome A exophthalmos B a positive autoimmune test C general edema D intolerance to heat Learning Outcome A 7-dehydrocholesterol B hydroxycholecalciferol C cholecalciferol D dihydroxycholecalciferol Learning Outcome A Steroids are lipids with complex ring structures.
B Steroids can pass through their target cell membrane and interact with receptors in the nucleus. C Steroids employ first and second messengers that amplify the cellular response. D The estrogens and testosterone are examples of steroid hormones.
A increase cellular oxygen consumption B cause osteoblasts to divide C convert fibroblasts to osteoblasts D alter genetic expression Learning Outcome A posterior pituitary B hypothalamus C hypophyseal portal veins D anterior pituitary arteries Learning Outcome A antidiuretic hormone B prolactin C follicle stimulating hormone D luteinizing hormone Learning Outcome A needed for normal mental growth B increases carbohydrate utilization C decreases lipid synthesis D decreases protein synthesis Learning Outcome A can cause hypoglycemia B can cause hyperglycemia C produced in the islets of Langerhans D antagonized by glucagon Learning Outcome A binding site; nonsteroid B membrane receptor; steroid C activity site; G protein D second messenger; nonsteroid Learning Outcome A negative feedback B direct nervous stimulation C release of tropic hormones D degradation of the endocrine gland Learning Outcome A in neurosecretory cells that originate in the hypothalamus B in the posterior pituitary C in the anterior pituitary D in the brain stem Learning Outcome A thyroid-stimulating hormone B adrenocorticotropic hormone C luteinizing hormone D prolactin Learning Outcome A all endocrine tissues of the body B the inner cortex of the adrenal gland C the inner cortex of the adrenal gland and the gonads D the gonads Learning Outcome A The receptors on the target cells become no longer responsive to insulin.
B Immune cells attack the pancreas that can then no longer produce insulin. C The individual consumes too much sugar, which causes an overload in the bloodstream. A hormones reach targets through the blood B effects are slow and cyclic C rapid acting effects D effects caused by chemicals Learning Outcome A True B False.