Esophageal Thrush (Candida Esophagitis)Esophageal thrush is a yeast infection of the esophagus. Thruah condition is also known as esophageal candidiasis. Fungi in the family Candida cause esophageal thrush. Traces of the fungus Candida are normally present on the surface of your skin oral thrush throat within your body. Normally, your immune system can regulate these good and oral thrush throat organisms in your body.
Oral Thrush In Infants & Adults: Symptoms, Causes, Treatments
Esophageal thrush is a yeast infection of the esophagus. The condition is also known as esophageal candidiasis. Fungi in the family Candida cause esophageal thrush.
Traces of the fungus Candida are normally present on the surface of your skin and within your body. Normally, your immune system can regulate these good and bad organisms in your body.
Sometimes, though, a shift in the balance between the Candida and your healthy bacteria can cause the yeast to overgrow and develop into an infection. Having AIDS is the most common underlying risk factor. People with diabetes are also at an increased risk of developing esophageal thrush, especially if their sugar levels are not well controlled.
The sugar allows the yeast to thrive. More importantly, uncontrolled diabetes also hurts your immune system, which allows for candida to thrive. Babies who are born vaginally can develop oral thrush if their mothers had a yeast infection during delivery. Developing esophageal thrush this way is uncommon.
There are other risk factors that make someone more likely to develop this condition. The symptoms of oral thrush include:. Breastfeeding moms can experience Candida infection of the nipples , which they can pass on to their babies. If you experience these conditions, you should watch your baby for signs of infection.
They can also have the distinctive white lesions associated with thrush. If your doctor suspects you might have esophageal thrush, they will do an endoscopic exam. During this exam, your doctor looks down your throat using an endoscope. This is a small, flexible tube with a tiny camera and a light at the end. This tube can also be lowered into your stomach or intestines to check the extent of the infection.
Esophageal thrush warrants systemic antifungal therapy, and an antifungal medication, such as itraconazole , will likely be prescribed.
This prevents the fungus from spreading and works to eliminate it from the body. The medication can come in a variety of forms, such as tablets, lozenges, or a liquid that you can swish in your mouth like mouthwash and then swallow. If your infection is slightly more severe, you may receive an antifungal medication called fluconazole delivered intravenously in the hospital.
People with late-stage HIV might need a stronger medication, such as amphotericin B. Most importantly, treating the HIV is important for controlling the esophageal thrush. If your esophageal thrush has compromised your ability to eat, your doctor may discuss nutritional options with you. This can include high-protein shakes if you can tolerate them or alternative feeding options, such as a gastric tube in severe situations.
Even though those with HIV and AIDS are at greater risk for esophageal thrush, doctors rarely prescribe preventive antifungal medicines. The yeast could become resistant to treatments.
The risk for complications after the development of esophageal thrush is higher in people with comprised immune systems. These complications include thrush that spreads to other areas of the body and an inability to swallow.
Thrush can easily spread to other parts of your body, including your:. By receiving treatment as quickly as possible, you can reduce the likelihood that thrush will spread. Esophageal thrush can be painful. At the first signs of oral thrush or esophageal thrush, talk to your doctor. Esophageal thrush is highly prone to spreading. The more areas of the body affected, the more severe the infection can be.
Medications are available to treat esophageal thrush, including antifungal medicines. Prompt and careful treatment can reduce your pain and discomfort. Oral thrush is an infection caused by the Candida albicans fungus. Learn about the symptoms, risk factors, treatment, and prevention of oral thrush.
Learn how oral thrush spreads and what you can do to prevent this infection. People with psoriasis may have an increased risk for developing thrush. Find out what to expect from thrush in men, and how this condition is treated. If you experience itchy nipples while breast-feeding, it could indicate a thrush infection in either you or your baby.
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If your tongue has taken on a white tinge, it usually isn't a cause for concern. Find out what causes white tongue and what to do about it. Oral Thrush Oral thrush is an infection caused by the Candida albicans fungus. How Do You Get Thrush? Can Psoriasis Cause Thrush? Itchy Nipples and Breast-Feeding: Treating Thrush If you experience itchy nipples while breast-feeding, it could indicate a thrush infection in either you or your baby. Candida Fungus Skin Infection Candida fungal skin infection is most common in armpits, the groin, and between digits.
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