MastoiditisMastoiditis in Children and Adults definition and facts. The mastoid bone is the back part of the temporal bone of the skull located just behind the inner ear. Mastoiditis is infection of the mastoid bone. The mastoid bone is made up of a honeycomb-like structure, which is full of mastoiditis treatment uptodate air cells. The mastoid air cells can become infected mastoiditis treatment uptodate inflamed, often as a result of an inner ear infection otitis media.
Mastoiditis Serious Symptoms, Antibiotic Treatment & Surgery
Mastoiditis in Children and Adults definition and facts. The mastoid bone is the back part of the temporal bone of the skull located just behind the inner ear. Mastoiditis is infection of the mastoid bone. The mastoid bone is made up of a honeycomb-like structure, which is full of mastoid air cells. The mastoid air cells can become infected or inflamed, often as a result of an inner ear infection otitis media.
If infection spreads outside the mastoid air cells into the mastoid bone coalescent mastoiditis , serious health problems can arise. Mastoiditis is more common in children, but it can affect adults as well. What are the symptoms of mastoiditis? Less frequently, a condition called cholesteatoma can cause mastoiditis.
Cholesteatoma is an abnormal growing collection of skin cells inside the ear that can prevent the ear from draining, which can lead to mastoiditis. What tests diagnose the cause of mastoiditis? A doctor will do an examination of the ear canal with an otoscope to see inside the ear canal and visualize the eardrum tympanic membrane and structures within the middle ear if possible.
Other tests may be ordered to confirm a diagnosis. What home treatments relieve pain and other symptoms of mastoiditis? Mastoiditis cannot be treated at home. It requires medical treatment as the infection can spread and cause serious complications. Most of the home treatments are aimed at reducing symptoms of an ear infection, which is the most common cause of mastoiditis.
When does mastoiditis need to be treated with antibiotics or surgery? You cannot treat mastoiditis at home. Early diagnosis and treatment with antibiotics is needed to avoid complications. In some cases, intravenous IV antibiotics in a hospital may be required. If antibiotics alone do not cure the infection, surgery may be needed. A myringotomy may be performed to drain the middle ear, and in more serious cases a mastoidectomy may be needed to remove part of the infected mastoid bone.
Is mastoiditis life threatening? If mastoiditis is treated promptly with antibiotics, it can often be cured. In some people, the infection comes back and another course of antibiotics is required.
Can mastoiditis be prevented? The best way to prevent mastoiditis is to prevent ear infections otitis media and treat any ear infection you have with antibiotic therapy.
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