Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) in Cats. Autoimmune diseases are the result of an immune system that has become hyper-defensive, attacking the cells, tissues, and organs of its own body as if they are diseases that need to be destroyed. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a. There are three types of pemphigus that affect cats: pemphigus foliaceus, pemphigus erythematosus, and pemphigus vulgaris. In the disease pemphigus foliaceus, the autoantibodies are deposited in the outermost layers of the epidermis, and blisters form on otherwise healthy skin. Cats with autoimmune diseases should not be vaccinated except under certain circumstances. Certain drugs have also been reported as potential triggers for pemphigus foliaceus, a common form of autoimmune skin disease in cats. This is the most common autoimmune skin disease of cats.
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Thank you so much for what you are doing here! Thanks, and congratulations to you too! Dry food is never the best option — it still contains things I would rather not be feeding him, even though he seems to be doing okay with them — so I would LOVE to make cat food myself!
My dog also has an autoimmune skin disorder. Even feeding them real foods can be problematic! So my cat was just diagnosed with an autoimmune disease. His body was both attacking his own red blood cells but he was also not making any new ones.
He had 2 blood transfusions and with the help of prednisone his pcv counts are going back up. He does not have any skin issues and is healthy otherwise. We have no idea what caused this. I was debating what to do with his diet after I take him off the pred. I know in humans a healthy diet and exercise is a must but what do you do for a cat? There was a lot of trial and error before I had any success. Best of luck with your little guy! Our cat has the same thing.
His immune system is killing the blood cells. Would love to talk to u on facebook. April Turner is my name. My kittens platelets are destroying themselves. My name is alicia croft on Facebook from Washington state. If youd like to talk about it feel free to email me ladyrcoleman gmail. Our cat has an autoimmune disease as well but is the friendliest cat ever. We are currently switching his food to the brand you used for Sam.
We switched him from the cheapo Purina brand to Blue and nothing cleared up. I hope your sweet kitty feels better with the new food. It took us a lot of trial and error to find one that worked ours, too!
So my cat Milo is going to be 2 years old in November and when he was born his mother had some sort of infection that gave him an infected eye. Poor thing had to be taken away from his mother and bottle fed. My husband and I ended up taking the little guy in and unfortunately have come across a lot of bizarre rashes, large sores on his lips, swollen joints and arms and swollen sores on his paws.
So sorry to hear about Samwise. The large sores on his lips, do you use plastic dishes for him? Samwise used to get those before we switched to metal.
I hope playing with his diet yields some results too, all my best to Milo. So relieved to find this and thank you. My poor kitty has suffered for 16 years with these flare ups, about 29 vets in 4 different cities, tons of money, blood work and not one came up with a diagnosis. As a sensitive human with RA, lupus and fibromyalga, I notice when he buries his forehead in my arm, which he does at every chance, as if he is light sensitive as I am , I get a RASH on my arm!!
Maybe I am also allergic to his saliva. It goes away for a short time only with the steroids and antibiotics. It always returns with each episode worse than the last. Now working on his immune system, which by the way I diagnosed in the end. It is much more common in companion dogs than in cats. It is not a systemic disorder. A course of oral steroids is often prescribed to lessen the symptoms of DLE.
In addition to oral steroids, antibiotics with anti-inflammatory properties are also commonly prescribed to calm inflammation of the affected tissues and address any secondary bacterial infections. Steroid creams can be applied to the face and ears too; however, most cats remove the creams as soon as they are applied.
Keeping the cat out of the sun will also help to reduce future occurrences of the signs of this disorder. Cats suffering from severe, acute effects of SLE may need to be hospitalized for initial management until the condition can be stabilized. Enforced rest and a protein-restricted diet are hallmarks of initial treatment.
Cats should not be given azathioprine, because cats tend to have adverse reactions to this drug. Your veterinarian will decide upon the appropriate medical protocol for your cat. Often a combination of steroids and other immunosuppressant drugs is used to combat the effects of lupus.
Supportive care, enforced rest and dietary restrictions are important components of treatment. In most cases, treatment or more accurately, management of SLE must be continued for life, although doses of medication can be tapered if remission occurs. Long-term immunosuppressive therapy has adverse side effects that must be taken into account when designing a treatment protocol for cats with SLE.
These include bone marrow suppression and increased risk of localized or systemic infection, such as bronchopneumonia or urinary tract infections, among other things. Weight gain is also common with steroid use. Unfortunately, use of immunosuppressive drugs is the only viable method for managing SLE.
There is no surgical option. Regular physical examinations, urinalyses and blood tests should be conducted on an outpatient basis to monitor the side effects of immunosuppressive medication.
Affected animals should not be bred. Given its unpredictable and progressive course, the prognosis for cats with SLE is guarded to poor. Type IV disorders are caused by viruses, parasites, genetic inheritance and bacteria and can lead to some seriously scary health problems for your cat.
Your cat's bones can become weak and diseased, leading to fractures. She may develop tumors or fungal skin infections, have problems breathing, lose weight and become easily fatigued. Skin lumps and rashes, diarrhea, excessive urination and loss of appetite are all indications your cat needs help.
Persian cats are prone to immune-related fungal infections. Basics There are four basic types of immune-related reactions, numbered one through four.
Type I Princess can develop localized Type I reactions, known as anaphylaxis, from bug bites, medications or food. Type IV Have you heard of feline immunodeficiency virus or feline leukemia virus? Video of the Day. Brought to you by Cuteness. References The Merck Veterinary Manual: Introduction The Merck Veterinary Manual: Kahn The Merck Veterinary Manual:
How I Functionally Cured My Cat’s Autoimmune Disease
Systemic autoimmune disease occurs when antibodies that normally protect the body from infection are turned on the cat's own cells and cause tissue damage. The most common autoimmune skin disease in cats is called Pemphigus Complex. With this condition, blisters of varying sizes form all over the body. Samwise has been “off” for as long as I can remember. As a foster kitten in our multi-cat household, he was friendly with all of our other cats. He played with his .